Party Supplies such as cups, tableware, centerpieces, theme party supplies, hats, glo-lights, glasses, toys, centerpieces, pinatas and more from the Mrs. Gottrocks Makes Parties

Shop with us for Moissanite Loose Stones in all sizes and shapes and Moissanite Jewelry in Gold and Platinum
Buy Fine Jewelry in gold, silver, platinum, moissanite, diamonds and gemstones
Your Jewelry Gift Will Need Party Supplies to Make The Perfect Occasion!
Send Flowers Straight from the Grower Overnight to Your Loved One
Information on Jewelry, Gemstones, Moissanite and Jewelry Manufacturing and Jewelry Terms
Information on Moissanite Terms, Moissanite stone sizes and weights, Moissanite Jewelry, Moissanite shapes and cuts
Link to Our Website or Enjoy Our Jewelry Links
Are you a Ballerina Cowgirl? Find out in our About Us Page.
Contact Us About Jewelry, Gemstones, Moissanite or General Jewelry Information
See Our Whole Site At A Glance in our Mrs. Gottrocks Site Map
Mrs. Gottrocks Fine Jewelry and Gifts Home Page


Moissanite from Moisssanite-Stardust.com

Our Affiliate Policy

discount roses discount specialty plants curved bamboo daisies florist arranged arrangement shipped overnight mens gifts bonsai flowers discount florist flowers gifts plants bouquets gifts corporate gifts gifts+for+him overnight shipping fresh cut roses lilies bouquets
 
All contents © 1998 - 2006 Mrs. Gottrocks Fine Jewelry and Gifts. Please honor our copyright.

40,000 Jewelry Items including Charms, Religious Jewelry, Karat Gold Jewelry, Platinum Jewelry, Silver Jewelry, Gemstone Jewelry and Diamond Jewelry

 

GOLD AND PRECIOUS METALS INFORMATION

Gold is one of the most precious metals in the world. It is present in the rivers, seas, and the earth’s crust and trace amounts are present in plants and animals. It is, however, difficult and expensive to extract. In modern mining operations approximately 3 tons of ore are needed to extract one ounce of gold. The many desirable qualities found in gold, along with its scarcity, have made it the most popular metal for use in jewelry today.

[Properties of Gold] [Fineness (Karat Value)] [Gold Karat Information Chart]
[Weighing Precious Metals]
[Gram/Pennyweight/Ounce Weight Conversion Table]

PROPERTIES OF GOLD

Gold in its pure state:

  • Has a melting point of 1945 degrees Fahrenheit (1063 degrees Celsius). When alloyed (chemically combined) with other base metals the melting temperature of the resulting alloy is changed. 18K yellow gold has a melting point of 1675 degrees Fahrenheit and 14K yellow gold has a melting point of about 1550 degrees Fahrenheit.

  • Has a specific gravity of 19.33. It is relatively heavy compared to most metals, such as silver (SG 10.7) or iron (SG 7.8). A notable exception is platinum (SG 21.4).

  • Is more malleable than any other metal and can be hammered into foil so thin that it is almost transparent.

  • Has a unique ductility property allowing it to be drawn into wire so fine it can barely be seen.

  • Is deep yellow in color. Its great reflectivity properties help keep its brightness and color from fading with time.

  • Will not rust, tarnish or corrode. Gold jewelry recovered from ancient Egyptian tombs is in the same state as when placed there over 4000 years ago.

  • Is softer than most other metals. On the Mohs scale of hardness (which is a measure of a gemstone or mineral’s resistance to scratching), gold has a hardness value of 2 to 2.5. Diamond has a value of 10. Pure gold may easily be scratched. Fortunately, gold becomes harder when alloyed with other base metals.

  • Is relatively scarce and therefore expensive. It is estimated that only 125,000 tons of gold have been mined the world over since the beginning of time.

  • Is able to bond with other base metals. This property gives rise to the many different colors available in modern gold alloys.

FINENESS (KARAT VALUE)

Since ancient times the purity of gold has been defined by the term karat, which is 1/24 part of pure gold by weight. Pure gold is equivalent to 24K. Gold purity may also be described by its fineness, which is the amount of pure gold in parts per 1000. For example, a gold ring containing 583 fine gold has 583 parts (58.3%) gold and 417 parts (41.7%) of other base metals.

Federal Trade Commission rules require that all jewelry items sold in the United States as gold shall be described by "a correct designation of the karat fineness of the alloy." No jewelry item less than 10K may be sold in the United States as gold jewelry.

Karat Value Definitions:

  • Karat System: A system of measurement based on 24 karats being "fine" or "pure" gold. 1 karat equals 1/24th fine gold by weight. This is the system used in the United States.

  • Plumb Gold: Karat weights are usually determined with a small, fractional variance allowed. Karat gold which has no variance and is exactly the precise fractional karat weight is called "plumb" gold.

  • European System: A system of measurement based on a fraction of 1,000; or the number of grams of gold in 1 kilogram of alloy.

The following table lists the relationship between different international gold markings.

GOLD KARAT INFORMATION CHART

Karat Gold Parts Gold Percentage Gold Normal European Stamping
9 kt 9 in 24 37.50% 375
10 kt 10 in 24 41.67% 416
12 kt 12 in 24 50% 500
14 kt 14 in 24 58.33% 583 or 585
18 kt 18 in 24 75% 750
22 kt 22 in 24 91.67% 917
24 kt 24 in 24 99.99% 999 or .99999

WEIGHING PRECIOUS METALS

The weight of a piece of gold jewelry is a factor that helps to determine its value. It is important because it is an indication of the amount of fine gold in an item of jewelry. Grams (g) and pennyweights (dwt) are the units of weight most commonly used in weighing gold. Gold and silver are almost always weighted in the troy system of weights where one pound troy equals twelve troy ounces and twenty pennyweights equals one troy ounce. The Avoirdupois weight system, where one pound equals 16 ounces, is used in the United States for most everything except precious metals. The following table summarizes useful weight conversions.

WEIGHT CONVERSION TABLE

1 gram (g) = 0.643 dwt = 0.0032 oz t = 0.035 oz av
1 pennyweight (dwt) = 1.555 g = 0.05 oz t = 0.055 oz av
1 troy ounce (oz t) = 31.103 g = 20 dwt = 1.097 oz av
1 ounce avoirdupois (oz av) = 28.3495 g = 18.229 dwt = 0.911 oz t

Click here for unique gifts and Ross-Simons Jewelry
Party supplies for Birthday Parties, Weddings and Bridal Showers, Baby Showers, Theme Parties, Graduations and more!